The Diary of Theodore J. Southworth

184th NYV Infantry Regiment

January 1, 1865 to April 18, 1865

This diary was transcribed, edited, and sent to me, in July 2000, by Sandra K. Walling of Clifton, Virginia.

At the end of the file you will find a brief summary, taken from the AGO reports, of Southworth's military experience. Also you will find a similar excerpt for Alfred C. Stiles of the 6th NYV Heavy Artillery, who is mentioned in the diary.


Sunday, January 1, 1865
In Rochester at C. S. Collins. All papers made out properly and sent to Hospital at Frederick- 20 day extension.

Monday, January 2, 1865
Celebrated New Years in doors all day, and had a very pleasant Time. Foot is improving although have not been out doors yet- can hobble around with crutches.

Tuesday, January 3, 1865
Nothing new, in-door life rather monotonous. Spend most of my time in reading, and playing with Dewey. Have had some calls from old friends.

Wednesday, January 4, 1865
Today brother John sent horse and cutter and "Lib" and myself went out to his house. Had a pleasant time. Cal made everything- made our visit very agreeable. Found father failing; mother in pretty good health.

Thursday, January 5, 1865
Stayed at John's last night. Cal brought us down this afternoon.

Friday, January 6, 1865
Stayed all day at Charlies.

Saturday, January 7, 1865
Still at Charlies. Went down street this forenoon and started for Palmyra in the afternoon. Went to John Jeffrey's and stayed till Sunday afternoon.

Sunday, January 8, 1865
John Jeffrey and myself went to Newark to see Dr. Seigert; got some medicine for my foot. He said I could use it in four weeks. Went to father Jeffreys in the afternoon.

Monday, January 9, 1865
At father Jeffrey's today, an am having a very pleasant time. Sleighing good.

Tuesday, January 10, 1865
Still at father Jeffrey's. Lib is making dress for Mother and Cami. Gus has an abscess on his neck. Plenty of snow and still storming + blowing.

Wednesday, January 11, 1865
Left father Jeffrey's Palmyra today for R. L. Adams, Fulton. Arrived there about evening. Found them all waiting for us - Lib and myself. Plenty of snow.

Thursday, January 12, 1865
In Fulton. Shall stay here till the 19th when I shall return to hospital. Snowing today and quite cold. Ann is considerable better, Lib is in good spirits.

Friday, January 13, 1865
Still at Fulton, snowing all the time and very cold.

Saturday, January 14, 1865
At Fulton- cold- snow- foot is gradually improving.

Sunday, January 15, 1865
Cold and snowing. Fulton is alive with sleighs.

Monday, January 16, 1865
No change in the weather. Eyerything is going on well.

Tuesday, January 17, 1865
Still in Fulton. Met Capt. Palmer this morning. Could get a commission in Capt. P's Co. if well enough. He gave me 10 letters that Lib had written to me while in the Valley [of Virginia].

Wednesday, January 18, 1865
To day am quite busy in getting ready to start for hospital. Cold and snowing all, or nearly all the time.

Thursday, January 19, 1865
Left Fulton today at 8 a.m. for Frederick hospital. Delayed on the road by snow. Arrived in Albany too late for the cars and waited till midnight for the N.Y. trains.

Friday, January 20, 1865
Arrived in New York too late for the morning train for Baltimore. Had to wait till 12 M. [meridies, i.e., noon] Arrived in B. at about 8 p.m. an stayed all night at the Soldiers rest.

Saturday, January 21, 1865
Left Baltimore at 9:15 this morning. Arrived in Frederick Hospital at 2 p.m. After leaving New York began to see less snow and at Frederick there was scarcely any. In the evening however, had quite a snow storm.

Sunday, January 22, 1865
In hospital. Everything about as when I left on furlough on the 14th of Dec. '64. Raining a little; but cold; it will probably turn to snow. Wrote to Lib today.

Monday, January 23, 1865
In hospital. Rain and cold. Snow on the ground.

Tuesday, January 24, 1865
In hospital. Wrote to Washington and Alexandria. Foot is about the same.

Wednesday, January 25, 1865
in hospital. Waiting anxious to hear from home. Still cold + snow enough to make sleighing.

Thursday, January 26, 1865
In hospital. See Stiles every day. He is well and hearty, and in Barrack K. Our visit when out of service is all arranged. Weather cold [Editor's note: The name "Alfred C. Stiles, Cooks Corner, Franklin, Co. N.Y." is written in the front inside cover of the diary.]

Friday, January 27, 1865
Still in hospital.

Saturday, January 28, 1865
Still in hospital. Received letter from Geo Bennett Fairfax. Raining today.

Sunday, January 29, 1865
In hospital.

Monday, January 30, 1865
In hospital.

Tuesday, January 31, 1865
In hospital. Wrote to Soph, Lib and Dewey to day.

Wednesday, February 1, 1865
In hospital. My old friend Stiles was this morning sent to join the regiment. Wrote to Van Martin today. No word from home yet.

Tuesday, February 2, 1865 - Monday, February 13, 1865
[There were no entries during this period.]

Tuesday, February 14, 1865
In hospital. Sent in my application for transfer to Washington to day and wrote to Dr. Van Slyck.

Wednesday, February 15, 1865 - Wednesday, March 16, 1865
[There were no entries during this period.]

Thursday, March 16, 1865
In hospital at Frederick. Received to day my transfer to Washington. Leave to morrow morning.

Friday, March 17, 1865
Left Frederick this morning at 7 o"clock for Washington; arrived in Washington about 12 M. [meridies, i.e., noon] Went to Campbell hospital, Dr. A. F. Sheldan, Surgeon in charge.

Saturday, March 18, 1865
Found a number of Wayne County people and also men from Rochester here.

Sunday, March 19, 1865
In hospital. The dull monotony of hospital life is the same in all hospitals - nothing worth noting.

Monday, March 20, 1865
[There was no entry on this date.]

Tuesday, March 21, 1865
Today went down into the city on pass. Saw Dr. Van Slyck. He promises me a detail in some of the public offices. Shall see him again in a few days.

Wednesday, March 22, 1865 - Sunday, April 2, 1865
[There were no entries during this period.]

Monday, April 3, 1865
In Campbell Hospital Washington. Went into the clerk's office at headquarters.

Tuesday, April 4, 1865 - Friday, April 7, 1865
[There were no entries during this period.]

Saturday, April 8, 1865
in Campbell hospital. Heard of Father's death today through Lapeer Republican.

Sunday, April 9, 1865 - Thursday, April 13, 1865
[There were no entries during this period.]

Friday, April 14, 1865
In Washington, President Lincoln was assassinated at Ford's Theater about 10 1/2 o'ck. to-night by J. Wilkes Booth. Secy. Seward and his son Frederick were also attacked in their house and received serious, and it is feared, fatal injuries; the assassin is not known.

Saturday, April 15, 1865
President Lincoln died this morning at 7 o'clock and 22 minutes. He was shot in the head with a pistol. Booth has not been captured yet. The Sewards are alive, and strong hopes are entertained for the recovery of the Secretary, but the son is very low, and it is feared cannot survive.

Sunday, April 16, 1865
Everything is in mourning. The Sewards the same as yesterday.

Monday, April 17, 1865
Today the body of the late President is being embalmed, and to morrow the body will lie in state at the White House, which will be open to the public. The Sewards are better today. The Sec. is believed out of danger, and the son though better, is in critical condition.

Tuesday, April 18, 1865
Went to see the body of the President. An immense throng crowded the streets leading to the Mansion, eagerly pressing forward to take the last look of him who had won confidence and admiration of all loyal hearts. Sec. Seward and son are both improving, and both are thought out of danger.

[There were no further entries in the diary.]


SOUTHWORTH, THEODORE J.—Age, 42 years. Enlisted, September 4, 1864, at Granby, to serve one year; mustered in as private, Co. A, 184th NYV Infantry Regiment, September 12, 1864; promoted sergeant, no date; mustered out, July 7, 1865, at Campbell Hospital, Washington, D.C.
[The only engagement in which the 184th had killed or wounded was at Cedar Creek, Virginia, October 19, 1864, when there were 1 officer and 2 enlisted men killed, 8 enlisted men mortally wounded, and 34 enlisted men wounded but recovered. No doubt the injury to Southworth's foot was sustained at that battle.]

STILES, ALFRED C.—Age, 26 years. Enlisted, August 29, 1864, at Fort Covington; mustered in as private, Co. M, 6th NYV Heavy Artillery Regiment; mustered out, June 28, 1865, at Petersburg, Va.


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Kenneth Jennings Wooster
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Cortland, New York 13045-3302
File created: July 23, 2000
File modified: July 23, 2000; August 2, 2000